Republic of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

 

Official name: The Republic of Azerbaijan
Head of State: President H.E. Mr Ilham Aliyev
National day: 28-May
Capital: Baku
Area: Total area: 86,600 sq km, Land area: 82,658 sq km
Land boundaries: 2657 km
Border countries: Armenia 1007 km, Georgia 480 km, Iran 765 km,Russia 390 km, Turkey 15 km
Coastline: None ( landlocked)Note: Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (800 km)
Climate: Dry, Semi-arid steppe
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina
Land use: Arable land:                                  21.8%
  Permanent crops:                          2.6%
  Meadows and pastures:               30.7%
  Forest and woodland:                  12.0%
  Other:                                           32.9%
  Irrigated land:                              14244 sq km 
Population: 9.296 million. (2012)
Population growth rate: 1.34
Ethnic composition: Azeri:                                                        91.6 %
Census 2009 Nations with  Dagestani background:        2.7 %
  Russians:                                                   1.3 %
  Others:                                                       4.4 %
Religions: Muslim                                                       95.7 %
  Russian orthodox                                       2.5 %
  Others                                                        1.8 % 
Languages: Azeri                                                         92.5 %
Census 2009 Russian                                                      1.4 %
  Other                                                          6.1 %
Literacy: 2011 Total                                                          99.8 %
  Male                                                          99.9 %
  Female                                                      99.7 %
Currency: 1 Manat (AZN)=100 Gapik
Exchange rate: 0.79 (US/AZN) (Annual Average 2012)
GDP: mln. US$ $ 68731 million US$ (2012)
GDP per capita: $ 7491 (2012)
GDP Growth Rate: 2.2 % (2012)
Total Imports: 9756,0 million US $ (2011)
Total Exports: 26570,9 million US $ (2011)
Foreign Direct Investment: 5.382 million US $ (2012)
Total External Debt: 5.708 million US $ (2012)
Inflation Rate: 1.1% (2012)
Unemployment Rate: 5.18 % (2012)
Industries: Petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment, mineral substances, metallurgy, pulp & paper, wood & its products, steel, iron ore, food stuffs and tobacco, cement, chemicals and petrochemicals, textiles.
Electricity: 2012 Capacity: 6.250 MWt
   
  Production: 21.6 billion KWh 
   
  Consumption per capita: 1728.0  kWh 
Transportation: Railways: 2079 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines.Highways:18986 km Ports: Baku (Baki)
   
  Airstrips: 69
Agriculture Products: Cotton, grain, sugar beet, rice, grapes, fruits, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, sheep, poultry, goats

 

 

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