Kyrgyz RepublicKyrgyzstan
Official name: Kyrgyz Republic 
Head of State: President H.E Mr. Atambaev Almazbek 
National Day: 31st of August 
Capital: Bishkek 
Area: 198,500 sq. km 
Land boundaries: 3,878 km 
Border countries: China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km 
Coast line: None (landlocked) 
Climate: Dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone.
Natural resources: Abundant hydro-electric potential; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc. 
Land use: Arable land:7.14%
  Meadows and pastures: 45%
  Other: 48%
  Irrigated land: 10,666 sq Km 
    
    
Agricultural products: Wool, tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries, sheep, goats, cattle, grain, gold 
Main Industry Small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals.
Population: 5.5 million (2011) 
Population growth rate: 1.23% (2011) 
Ethnic composition: Kyrgyzs52%
  Russians22.00%
  Uzbeks 13.00%
  Ukrainians 3%
  Germans2%
  Others:8%
    
    
Religions: Muslim and Russian orthodox  
Languages: Kyrgyz and Russian, official languages 
  (Note: in March 1996, the Kyrgyz legislature amended the constitution to make Russian an official language along with Kyrgyz, in territories and work places where Russian-speaking citizens predominate). 
Literacy: Total98.7 % (2008)
    
    
Electricity: Capacity: 3,660,000 kW 
  Production: 15.223 billion kWh 
  Consumption per capita: 3,031 kWh   
Currency: Som(KGS)  
Exchange Rate: 46.14 (KGS / 1US$) Annual Average (2011) 
GDP : 5944 million US$ (2011) 
GDP per capita: 1131 US$ (2011) 
GDP Growth rate : -1.4 % (2010) 
Inflation rate : 16.6 % (2011) 
Unemployment rate : 2.49 % (2011) 
Total Imports 4261 million US $ (2011) 
Total Exports : 2246 million US $ (2011) 
Foreign Direct Investment : 446 million US $ (2010)  
Total External Debt : 2803 million US $ (2011)  
Transportation: Railways:417.2 Km
  Highways:28,400 Km
  Ports:Balykchy  &  Karakol (situated on the Issykkul Lake)
    
    

 

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