Republic of TajikistanTajikistan
Official name: Republic of Tajikistan 
Head of State: President, H.E Mr. Emomali Rakhmonov 
National Day: 9th of September 
Capital: Dushanbe 
Area: 143,100 sq. km  
Coast line: None (landlocked)  
Climate: Mid-altitude    continental,  hot summers, mild winters, semi-arid to polar in Pamir Mountains  
Natural resources: Significant hydro-power potential, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten.  
Land use: Arable land:861.3 thousand hectares
  Meadows and pastures: 23%
  Mountains: 71.00%
  Irrigated land: 6,940 sq Km
    
    
Agricultural products: Cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats  
Population: 7.7 million ( 2011)  
Population growth rate: 2.59% (2011) 
Ethnic composition: Tajiks64.90%
  Uzbeks25%
  Russians3.5% (Declining because of immigration
  Others: 7%
    
    
Religions: Sunni Muslim  80%
  Shi'i Muslim 5%
  Others 15%
    
    
Languages: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business  
Literacy: Total99.9 % (2010)
    
    
Currency:  Somoni (SM) 
Exchange rate (SM/US$):  4.76  TJS/US$ Annual Average (2012) 
GDP: 7593 Million US$ (2012) 
GDP per capita : 846 US$ (2011) 
GDP Growth rate: 23.6 % (2012) 
Inflation rate : -2.7 % (2012) 
Unemployment rate: 2.30 % (2011) 
Total Imports: 3205  million US $ (2011) 
Total Exports: 1257 million US $ (2011) 
Foreign Direct Investment: 231 million US $ (2010) 
Total External Debt : n.a 
Industries: Aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting, machine tools, refrigerators and freezers 
Electricity: Capacity: 3,800,000 kW 
  Production: 16.9 billion kWh 
  Consumption per capita: 2,400 kWh (1995) 

 

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