TurkmenistanTurkmenistan
Official name: Turkmenistan 
Head of State: President H.E. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 
National Day: 27th of October  
Capital: Ashkhabad 
Area: 491,200 sq. km 
borders: 3,736 km 
Border countries: Afghanistan 744 km, Iran 992 km, Kazakhstan 379 km, Uzbekistan 1,621 km 
Coast line: None (landlocked) 
  (Note:   Turkmenistan borders with the Caspian Sea 1768 km) 
Climate: Sub-tropical desert 
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, coal, sulphur,  salt 
Land use: Arable land:3%
  Hay-mowing land: 0%
  Meadows and pastures: 79%
  Other: 18%
  Irrigated land: 1,788 thousand hectares (1998)
    
    
Agricultural products: Cotton, cereals, cattle  
Population: 5.105 million (2011) 
Population growth rate: 1.25% (2011)  
Ethnic composition: Turkmens77.00%
  Russians6.70%
  Uzbeks9%
  Kazakhs2%
  Others:5%
    
    
Religions: Muslim 87%
  Russian Orthodox11%
  Others2%
    
    
Languages: Turkmen (more than 80%), Russian, Uzbek and Kazakh 
Literacy: Total88.1 % (2005)
    
    
Currency :  Manat(TMM) 
Exchange rate (TMM/US$):  4.500  TMM/US$ Annual Average (2008) 
GDP: 20.001 Million US$ (2010) 
GDP per capita : 3967 US$ (2010) 
GDP Growth rate: 9.0 % (2010) 
Inflation rate : 6.1 % (2011) 
Unemployment rate: 1.9 % (2008) 
Total Imports: 4516 million US $ (2008) 
Total Exports: 7567 million US $ (2008) 
Foreign Direct Investment: 2083 million US $ (2010) 
Total External Debt : 154 million US $ (2010) 
Industries: Gas, oil products, textile, food 
Transportation (2010): Railways:3,115 km general purpose
  Highways:13,597 km (1997)
  Waterways:Amudarya river is a major inland water transport line. 
  Ports: Turkmenbashi (Krasnowodsk)
  Air-strips: 64
    
    

 

[Home]  [Contact us]  [Feedback]  [Back]