Republic of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

Official name: The Republic of  Uzbekistan 
Head of State: President H.E. Mr. Islam Abdughanievich KARIMOV 
National Day: 1st of September  
Capital: Tashkent 
Area: 448,900 sq. km 
Land boundaries: 6,221 km 
Border countries: Kazakhstan 2203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1099 km , Tajikistan 1161 km, Turkmenistan 1821 km ,Afghanistan 137 km  
Coast line: None ( Note: Uzbekistan has 420 km. sea shore of the Aral Sea) 
Climate: Extreme continental with long hot summers and warm winters  
Natural resources: Natural gas, oil, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead, zinc,   molybdenum, marble, granite, phosphorites, potash and rock salts
Land use: Arable land:10.80%
  Pastures: 40%
  woods: 3%
  Other: 48%
  Irrigated land: 40,000 sq Km
Agricultural products: Grain, mostly spring wheat, cotton; wool, meat  
Population: 26.167 million (2005) 
Population growth rate: 1.20 % (2005) 
Ethnic composition: Uzbeks80%
  Russians5.50%
  Tajiks5%
  Kazakhs3.00%
  Karkalpaks2.50%
  Tatars2%
  Others: 2.5%
Religions: Muslim 88%
  Russian Orthodox9.00%
  Others3%
Languages: Uzbek74%
  Russian14%
  Tajik4%
  Others7%
Literacy: Total99.2 % (2004)
National Currency Unit: Sum (UZS) 
Exchange rate (UZS/US$) : 1180.00 UZS/US$ Annual Average (2005) 
GDP: 13670 Million US$ (2005) 
GDP per capita : 579 US$ (2005) 
GDP Growth rate: 7.0 % (2005) 
Inflation rate : 7.8 % (2005) 
Unemployment rate: 0.3 % (2005) 
Total Imports: 4091.3 million US $ (2005) 
Total Exports: 5408.8 million US $ (2005) 
Foreign Direct Investment: 45.4 million US $ (2005) 
Total External Debt : 4133 million US $ (2005)